Jackson Barracks Historic Garrison overview

Stop 1 of 10 in the Jackson Barracks tour

The Historic Garrison section of Jackson Barracks consists of the original post constructed in the 1830s. These 19 buildings, surrounded by a 12 foot wall, served four companies of US Army regulars. By the 1830s, the Army decided it needed a permanent garrison near New Orleans to act as an administrative center and serve the outlying coastal defense forts in the area. President Andrew Jackson's administration approved the site, about a mile from the former general's victory at Chalmette battlefield. At the time, it was called "The US Barracks," or "The New Orleans Barracks."

As Seminole prisoners from the wars in Florida passed through the area en route to Indian Country (Oklahoma), some were housed at Jackson Barracks. The post was also a major center of activity for the Mexican War of 1846-48. It would continue to grow and become involved in every major American action through the end of the second World War. As Louisiana National Guard Headquarters, it remains a major center of activity for emergency response as well as everyday operations in service to the state.

The post was named "Jackson Barracks" in 1866 to honor President Andrew Jackson.

Images

U.S. Barracks, 19th century postcard

U.S. Barracks, 19th century postcard

The artist's depiction is not exactly correct, as the northeast tower is not included, but one can get the sense of how the early post was laid out. Notice the mule-drawn streetcars. Image courtesy of Louisiana National Guard Archives View File Details Page

Old Jackson Barracks map

Old Jackson Barracks map

Represents the post circa 1860s-1870s. The larger rectangle on the right shows the Historic Garrison area. The structures on the top left represent the hospital addition, circa late 1840s (now Beauregard Drive). Map from Surgeon B.A.Clements report on Jackson Barracks, 1870. U.S. Army. View File Details Page

Jackson Barracks, 1917

Jackson Barracks, 1917

Photo courtesy of the Louisiana National Guard archives View File Details Page

Jackson Barracks, 1936

Jackson Barracks, 1936

Photo courtesy of the Louisiana National Guard archives View File Details Page

Jackson Barracks, 1949

Jackson Barracks, 1949

Shows the expansion due to World War II. Most of the troop barracks seen near the top of the photo were demolished within a few years. Image courtesy of the Louisiana National Guard archives View File Details Page

Seminole Tribe tribute marker

Seminole Tribe tribute marker

This marker was commemorated by a joint ceremony of the Louisiana National Guard and members of the Seminole Nation. The Seminoles temporarily resided on post en route to the West as part of "The Trail of Tears." View File Details Page

Jackson Barracks, July 2011

Jackson Barracks, July 2011

Image courtesy of Louisiana National Guard Public Affairs Office View File Details Page

Cite this Page:

Rhett Breerwood, “Jackson Barracks Historic Garrison overview,” New Orleans Historical, accessed April 30, 2017, http://neworleanshistorical.org/items/show/760.

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