Fort Pike


Fort Pike, named after General Zebulon Montgomery Pike, was completed in 1828. It originally was named Fort Petite Coquilles after the structure it was meant to replace. Made with brick and stone, Fort Pike is stronger than its Second System counterpart. It mainly served as a barracks and storage area for local troops; it sometimes served as a prison when needed. In all its history, a cannon never fired from Fort Pike. Today, the fort is open to tours for a nominal fee.

During the Seminole Wars (1817-58), many of the Seminole prisoners and their black slaves were kept in Fort Pike until they were sent on to a reservation. One Daily Picayune article from January 10, 1838, describes numerous skirmishes with the Seminoles in Florida, and reports that forty prisoners had been sent by train to the fort for detention.

In 2000, a plaque was dedicated in honor of the Seminoles who died while imprisoned at Fort Pike. In 2009, a plaque was added that hails a Seminole War Chief by the name of "Jumper" who fought against the United States' attempts to relocate his people to a reservation already inhabited by Creek Indians. Chief Jumper purportedly died at Fort Pike.

Site 6: the Town of Lake Catherine
(can be seen from right-rear parapet of Fort Pike).

Distance: approximately 100 yards from entrance of fort.

Video Show

Inside Fort Pike

This is the parade grounds in front of the citadel facing the entrance into the fort. The film shows the parapet (top) where the cannon rested in defense of the fort as well as the lower potions which span from the magazines, commissary, and bakery to the sutler and garrison stores.

Photos Show

Fort Pike Historical Plaque

Bridge to Fort

Bridge that leads to fort entryway.

View from Parapet

View from parapet where viewing deck is located.

View of Parade Grounds from Citadel

Seminole War Chief "Jumper"

Plaque dedicated in memory of Chief Jumper who purportedly died at Fort Pike.

Seminole Prisoners Plaque

Plaque in memory of all Seminoles who passed through the doors of Fort Pike on their way to the reservations.

Cite this Page

Charlotte Dover and Virgil Dover, “Fort Pike,” New Orleans Historical, accessed March 1, 2015, http:/​/​neworleanshistorical.​org/​items/​show/​120.​
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